Sole Director with Model Articles
Model Article 11 (2) says that the quorum for directors’ meetings may be fixed, from time to time, by a decision of the directors, but it must never be less than two, and unless otherwise fixed, it is two.
Model Article 7 says that any decision of the directors must be either a majority decision at a meeting, or a unanimous decision(taken in accordance with Model Article 8). Model Article 7 then goes on to say that if (a) the company only has one director, and (b) no provision of the articles requires it to have more than one director, then certain formalities which would otherwise apply to making director decisions do not apply.
There has been some doubt about the way these two Model Articles work together – some people thought that Model Article 7 meant that just one director (a sole director) was always able to act and able to make all decisions.
However, the judgment in the recent case was that Model Article 11(2) actually amounts to a requirement for a quorum of two directors. So two directors must be present for the meeting to be quorate. Effectively this means that a company which uses the Model Articles (unamended) must have at least two directors to manage its business and make decisions about the company.